Tuesday, January 14, 2020

Physical and Mental Abuse on Slaves Essay

The essay is about the how significant both physical and mental abuse was important for the slave owners described in the Narrative Of The Life Of Frederick Douglass. Frederick Douglass who was born in 1895 might have been the most influential African-American of his time or possibly ever. He rose up from the hardships he had from his birth to become a internationally known writer and orator. Douglass was born in Tuckahoe, Maryland and was thought to be fathered by one of his masters. In Maryland he had a rather easy life for a slave, he was an inside slave who cleaned and helped watched one of the masters children. This benefited him greatly both then and in the future because Thomas, the boy he attended too, helped Frederick read and write. From Tuckahoe, Frederick was moved to Baltimore then to Colonel Lloyd’s Plantation. Then from there he moved to St. Michael. Then to Mr. Covey a slave breaker. This was a major turning point in Frederick Douglasses life because for the fi rst time in his life he stood up to a white master in control of him and won the situation. This greatly increased Frederick’s confidence in himself and he want and desire to runaway and become a freed slave. As I read in the story he acomplished this task and he makes a life for himself that every other slave could only dream of. Frederick Douglass was a rare case of slave, in the way that he was not poisoned by the ways masters had control of slaves. In this way there is two types of ways masters dominated slaves. Physically and Mentally, both maybe equally as powerful and influential on the idea of dominance a master used over a slave. So in this essay I will discuss both the idea of Mental and Physical dominance over a slave examples of each and what the purpose of this was to do. To me I feel that one of the most basic parts of dominance over a slave is a masters Physical dominance over them. Obviously beatings and whippings are some of the most general types of physical dominance a master would do to his slave. Whippings in a sense showed a type of superiorism over the slave, especially when they did something that was â€Å"wrong† or sometimes just to show superiority. Although this is the most obvious and most commonly used form of physical dominance, it was not the only one. Another thing a master might do to show dominance over their slaves in the physical form would be to give them very little clothes. This left slaves very cold and made them want to get done with their work better to get in a warmer environment. Another thing that is not emphasized so much in history or very much in this novel is ra pe. A master might rape his female slaves to either pregnant a slave to make their ownership of slaves larger and also to show a general dominance over the slave, letting them know that they could do that and there wasn’t much they could do about it because he was the master. Although these methods were cruel and at times extremely grotesque masters saw this as nessicary to enforce their status as a master over slaves. But this was not the only method used to show their superiority over the slaves. Slave owners also used many forms of mental domination to rule slaves. In my personal opinion I feel this method was much more effective over slaves than that of physical dominance. I feel this was more effective in the sense that slaves didn’t always realize that they were doing this and if a master could break a slave down emotionally and mentally then he owned the slave in a sense and physical forms of dominance were not as nessicary to enforce superiority over the slaves. One way a master might mentally dominate a slave would be to separate them from their families. This was a good idea because it broke up family bonds between slaves and secluded their identity and knowledge of their heredity, which completely destroyed any sense of pride that was in a slave. This also would insure loyalty to a master, since a family was not present in the slaves life, a slave in an ironic way might see their master as a form of family. Another thing the masters would do would be to seclud e them from knowledge. The more a master could keep his slaves ignorant the more sure he could be that the slave would be loyal and not devise an idea to become free or to revolt and cause problems with a master. This also kept out the problem of a master having to worry about a slave becoming more intelligent than that of his or her’s master. One last example of mental dominance over a slave was false consciousness. This method would fool a slave into a system that benefits the master. One example a master might do to enforce false consciousness would be to give them holidays off of work. This would make the slaves believe that a master might really actually care about the slaves and their well being, but intern helped the masters so that the slaves would then feel the urge to be more loyal to him. Both forms of dominance over the slaves regardless were extremely effective in keeping salves in check by their masters. Physical was more of a last resort type of dominance and was good for rebel type slaves and just to show every once in awhile to a slave who ran what. While mental dominance on the other hand was more of a mischievous form of dominance that held a tighter wrath over the slaves an was something that was very hard to defy and rebel against. Either way dominance was a key part in a masters plan to keep a plantation and slaves working to his benefit.

Sunday, January 5, 2020

Symptoms And Symptoms Of Bipolar Disorder - 1344 Words

If you were told you are suffering from a Bipolar Disorder, would you know what that meant? Bipolar disorders affect about three million people a year. Here is some background information on what it is, the different types of bipolar disorders, the possible symptoms, along with some treatment options. While bipolar disorders are not curable, they are treatable. Steve Bressert states, â€Å"Bipolar Disorder is a mental disorder that is characterized by constantly changing moods between depression and mania. The mood swings are significant, and the experiences of the highs of mania and the lows of depression are usually extreme. (Bressert) † In other words, mood swings, forms of mania, and depression can be intense for a person. A manic episode makes people have extreme happiness and no need for sleep. While a depressive episode makes you have extreme sadness, no energy, and makes you feel hopeless. A person with a bipolar disorder can have three years of normal moods between a manic or depressive episode. Going up and down between strong emotions can make someone feel like they cannot have a normal life. Cycling between emotions can be rapid or happen slowly over time, and it can happen as often as multiple times a week. However, most people experience a high manic episode or a low depressive episode over long periods of times. This d oes make it hard to lead a regular life. If you have experienced one manic episode, you will most likely have future episodes. Directly before youShow MoreRelatedSymptoms And Symptoms Of Bipolar Disorder706 Words   |  3 PagesBipolar disorder is a serious mental illness that is characterized by changes in mood. It can lead to risky behavior, damage relationships and careers, and even suicidal outcomes if it’s not treated. Bipolar disorder is more common in older teenagers and young adults, it can affect children as young as 6. Women experience more periods of depression than men. More remains to be learned about this condition that affects millions of people. Aretaeus of Cappadocia began the process of detailingRead MoreSymptoms And Symptoms Of Bipolar Disorder1454 Words   |  6 PagesOne of the greatly investigated neurological disorders is Bipolar Disorder. Regrettably, due to social stigma, funding issues, and a lack of education, many who are dealing with this disorder do not receive adequate treatment. Bipolar disorder, is also known as manic-depressive illness, it is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, and the ability to carry out normal daily tasks. Symptoms of the disorder are severe and diverse from the normal ups and downs that everyone goesRead MoreBipolar Disorder : Symptoms And Symptoms1486 Words   |  6 Pagespeople may think that having bipolar disorder means that anyone with the disorder are just simply put, â€Å"crazy†, I was one of those people but the meanings of those two things couldn’t possibly be any more different. Bipolar disorder is defined as â€Å"A disorder ass ociated with episodes of mood swings ranging from depressive lows to manic highs.†(google.com) â€Å"Bipolar disorder is a chronic illness with recurring episodes of mania and depression†(nami.org). â€Å"The term â€Å"bipolar† — which means â€Å"two poles† signifyingRead MoreSymptoms And Symptoms Of Bipolar Disorder1020 Words   |  5 PagesBipolar disorder, formally known as ‘manic depression’, is known for its extreme mood swings; these can last anything from weeks to months and are far more extreme than moods most people would experience. Mood swings include episodes of highs and lows; these are known as mania and depressive episodes. Bipolar is a disorder that affects men and woman equally and affects around 1 in 100 adults. Symptoms usually start during or after adolescents and rarely start after the age of 40 (Royal CollegeRead MoreSymptoms And Symptoms Of Bipolar Disorder1648 Words   |  7 PagesBisecting Bipolar Disorde r Introduction and Background Overview 3.9% of adults in the United States are suffering from bipolar disorder as of 2014 according to the National Institute of Mental Health (Jann, 2014). Although rare, it is still a prevalent disease in the realm of mental health and requires special attention from healthcare providers. Bipolar disorder is a lifelong condition described by repeated manic or depressive episodes. Furthermore, due to the extreme mood swings and emotionalRead MoreSymptoms And Symptoms Of Bipolar Disorder Essay1278 Words   |  6 Pages1 HelenKeller541 Physiology October 26, 2016 Abstract: Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder; also referred to as manic depressive disorder according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V, 2013). Bipolar disorder is a depressive disorder with manic episodes, it is placed between the chapters on schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders in recognition of their place as a bridge between the two diagnostics in terms of symptomology, family historyRead MoreBipolar Disorder : Symptoms And Symptoms Essay1384 Words   |  6 PagesBipolar disorder is simply defined as a manic depressive illness, which affects a persons mood and energy. However, the way it affects a person’s mood is dramatic and severe. These are severe moods are called episodes of mania and depression, which means a person who suffers from bipolar disorder might be extremely excited and happy one day, and extremely depressed the next day. In some cases, depressive or manic episodes last weeks, and in some cases these episodes last days. People who suffer fromRead MoreBipolar Disorder : Symptoms And Symptoms1493 Words   |  6 PagesRorman Ms. Chrisman English 10 30 November 2016 Bipolar Disorder If people don’t get enough sleep and miss a meeting, they are just upset, but for people with bipolar disorder, it can trigger another episode to their week. Bipolar Disorder is a brain disorder that can cause shifts in people s mood that are more unusual. Signs and symptoms can be different depending on if the person has manic or depressive episodes. A person with the disorder can also give their family and friends struggles, asideRead MoreBipolar Disorder : Symptoms And Symptoms1390 Words   |  6 Pagesresearch of bipolar disorder will not only describe in detail the symptoms and affects of this mood disorder, but it will also include the advantages, disadvantages of the treatment and medications, and the major role that medications take. Bipolar disorder involves periods of elevated or irritable mood (mania), alternating with episodes of depression (Moore and Jefferson, 2004). The â€Å"mood swings† of mania and depression are very sudden and can happen at anytime any place. Bipolar disorder is categorizedRead MoreSymptoms And Symptoms Of Bipolar Disorder1700 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction Bipolar disorders, also known as manic depression, are mental disorders characterized by shifting moods between depression and mania (Bressert, 2016). Those with a bipolar disorder, have extreme emotional states called mood periods. In the United States, more than 10 million people have bipolar disorder (Kennedy, 2015). It is lifelong, but can be treated. Although it can easily be treated, once patients choose to stop taking their medication their symptoms worsen. Around 15 percent

Saturday, December 28, 2019

Argumentative Essay On Internet Privacy - 943 Words

Internet Privacy is paramount to protecting one’s information online. The Internet does not forget and records everything you do. The amount of information a person freely gives away everyday may surprise, or even scare some. Over the decades technology has improved by light years, but keeping that tech secure gets harder. Everyone who uses the internet has a digital footprint; however, the larger the footprint the more risk there is for having personal data put online. Information is highly valuable to today’s society, but privacy should still be venerated. Before going over Internet Privacy a brief history of the internet. The Internet is just short for inter-connected-networks. The public first became familiar with the Internet with†¦show more content†¦It is relative to the geographic location, because of the laws. It is also subjective to the content of the information. Privacy policies vary on every website, application and software. Information that one person would consider sharing another person may not. In this age of Information, or sometimes referred to as the Digital Age, anything that is connected to the Internet of Things has a record, and each of these records are valuable to somebody. The records could be which link was clicked after a search, or maybe the search itself. It could be a Facebook post that was made, or a tweet. As innocent as those can be, the records can also contain sensitive information like credit card numbers, and even texts or pictures sent. Imagine the most embarrassing moment, and then imagine that moment finding its way online, and becoming viral. After it goes viral, an induvial would have a rigorous time just trying to get the content removed. The main reason the saying, â€Å"the internet never forgets† is that everything these days is backed up in some way, or form. Either it is archived, copied, re-posted on other sites, downloaded by others, or backed up on other servers being outside o f the user’s government’s jurisdiction. These all are very real situations that can happen to anyone. There are plenty of reasons for why Internet Privacy is so important to modern society. The line drawn for what levelShow MoreRelatedMedia As A Second Estate Of Indian Democracy Regarded A Powerful And Reliable Tool?1216 Words   |  5 Pages DOES MEDIA AS A FOURTH ESTATE OF INDIAN DEMOCRACY REGARDED A POWERFUL AND RELIABLE TOOL? For, Argumentative essay Abstract India is a democratic country with media playing an essential role in spreading information through media channels. People in the country are completely dependent on media either through news press medium or through online news. This is the reason why media as a fourth estate in India is a powerful medium but definitely does not provide validity of informationRead MoreThe Controversial Issues Of Young People Using Internet And Communication Technologies1680 Words   |  7 Pagestechnologies of internet and mobile media has been widely used. The consequences of them on young people are powerful, however it has been an argumentative issue throughout years as the impacts contain both positive and negative sides. Based on the data from American life Project, there is an increasing rate of young people using smartphones and online social networking site such as Facebook, Twitter. This essay focuses on the controversial issues of young people using internet and communicationRead MoreSoci al Media And Its Effects On The Real Society981 Words   |  4 Pageslike a mere global village. However, in as much as the social networks have increased interactions via the internet, it has diminished the inter-personal relationship with actual people. Therefore, it is effective to state that, the recent development of social networking websites has to a larger extent corroded the real community. Social networking can be referred to as the use of internet to interact with other people or find individuals with similar interests. Arguments in support of this topicRead MoreBurberry Case Study1682 Words   |  7 Pagesdifferent dealers according to different level of society? * Where and how to advertise the company? * Who are the suppliers and intermediaries? Narrow Market (Luxury and Exclusive Heritage) Step: 6 Defend implementation Outline of argumentative essay Name: Adeeb Mahmud Bin Traeq Case study: Burberry Thesis statement: Burberry should adopt modern technology to provide fast customer service, minimize communication cost and enhance customer loyalty. Argument 1: Online customer serviceRead MoreTechnology s Impact On Society1507 Words   |  7 Pagesalia Monsanto ENC1101-Swirsky Argumentative/Persuasive Essay Technology’s Impact on Society 21ST century technology has indubitably made life more convenient for us. This can be looked at in a positive or in a negative way. Technology has essentially taken over the world. Replacing almost everything in our homes, schools and communities. Modern Technology has brought tons of negative effects on society including depression, lack of social skills, obesity, poor sleep habits, stress, constant distractionsRead Moredsfsdsfs4469 Words   |  18 Pagesare agreeing to our donor privacy policy. The Wikimedia Foundation is a nonprofit, tax-exempt organization. *Monthly payments will be debited by the Wikimedia Foundation until you notify us to stop. We ll send you an email receipt for each payment, which will include a link to easy cancellation instructions. Essay From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search For other uses, see Essay (disambiguation). Essays of Michel de Montaigne An essay is generally a short pieceRead MoreSylabus Essay3948 Words   |  16 Pagesstance †¢ Adopt an appropriate voice, tone, style, and level of formality †¢ Use appropriate conventions of format and structure In addition, by the end of the second course, students should be able to †¢ Analyze argumentative strategies and persuasive appeals †¢ Employ appropriate argumentative strategies and persuasive appeals in their writing 2. Critical Thinking, Reading, and Writing Throughout the second writing course, students should build upon these foundational outcomes from the first course: Read MoreLogical Reasoning189930 Words   |  760 Pagesreasoning logically if, when you want a gorilla suit for a Halloween party, the first thing you do is search for the word Gorilla in the Yellow Pages of the telephone book, and the problem here is not that you used a telephone book instead of the Internet. High-quality reasoning is called logical reasoning or critical thinking. Logical reasoning skills can be learned and improved. It is not a case of Either youre naturally good at it or you’re not. Rather, every student is capable of reasoningRead MoreLibrary Management204752 Words   |  820 Pagesthe director of the information center in a multinational corporation in which employees are rarely in their offices. You have just been asked to make plans to transform the library into a virtual library with information available by telephone and Internet 2 You are a school librarian just hired by a city planning a new high school. Suddenly you find that you are the administrator of a milliondollar operation and need to be skilled as a facilities planner, designer, technology consultant, and budgetRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 PagesReprinted with permission of Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. Informational Roles All managers, to some degree, collect information from outside organizations and institutions, typically by scanning the news media (including the Internet) and talking with other people to learn of changes in the public’s tastes, what competitors may be planning, and the like. Mintzberg called this the monitor role. Managers also act as a conduit to transmit information to organizational members. This

Friday, December 20, 2019

Adolescent Mental Health Unit Of A Major Brisbane Hospital

L is a 16 year old, Caucasian female student admitted to the adolescent mental health unit of a major Brisbane hospital due to active suicidal ideations manifested by taking a recent overdose. This was also accompanied by thoughts of harming herself and ending her life. L has a history of suicidal ideation, an eating disorder and self-harming. L was picked up from school by her stepfather and later disclosed that she didn’t want to be here anymore and wanted to die. L later admitted to feeling depressed since she was in Year Eight, prior to this episode and admission. L had described no future aspirations and therefore did not see the point of going to school or studying further. L admitted that although she had a good group of friends, that she had difficulty socialising with them outside of school. L’s depressive symptoms included social withdrawal, hopelessness, sleep difficulties and anxiety. L has found comfort in self-harming and it has become a nightly ritual along with frequent thoughts of suicide. L’s family have been very supportive of her but her recent increases in self harming behaviour have had a negative impact on the family. This has resulted in a wedge between the families. Family relationships can either positively or negatively impact a child’s development. This can also occur in the reverse manner where families can influence the overall health of the child but on the other hand the child can influence the overall health of the family (Birmaher, Brent

Thursday, December 12, 2019

Network Management in Organizations for Rights - MyAssignmenthelp

Question: Discuss about theNetwork Management in Organizationsfor Human Rights. Answer: Introduction The principle that supports the ethical research is that a research is not only concentrated over the collection of the information, in fact, it should be conducted with decorum, human rights, security and welfare of those who are involved in the process of research. The researchers and the people who are involved in the research planning should consider the ethics of conducting a research[1]. A research includes the people and their participation in order to collect the information regarding the objective of a research. Research ethics particularly pay attention to the analysis of the ethical issues that occur, when people participate in any research. The primary purpose of conducting ethical research is to protect the participants and the confidential information they have shared. The second objective behind conducting an ethical research is to make sure that a research is conducted in a manner that, it will be able to serve and turn out useful for the interests of the society. The last objective is inspecting the activities so that the issues related to the risks and the confidentiality can be maintained through the ethical processes[2]. The protection of the information of the participants while conducting a research should be considered and take care of[3]. Principles for Conducting Ethical Research The principles for conducting an ethical research are as follows: knowledgeable approval, beneficence, respect for privacy and respect for confidentiality and anonymity. Knowledgeable approval: Knowledgeable approval means that a person approves for participating in a research as well as to provide the information regarding a research. The consent of the person is essential in order to conduct the research ethically. The approval of the participants for using the information extracted from them during the research provides the authority to use the information for reaching the ultimate results of the research in an ethical way as the information will be reliable[4]. Beneficence: Beneficence is the principle of conducting a research ethically. This principle considers that the society should not be harmed in any manner while a research is being conducted and should be served effectively with the benefits. It is difficult to presume while generating a hypothesis that is mainly in qualitative research. If a research is not beneficial as assumed then, this may elevate huge ethical considerations. There is a need to look into the benefits of a conducting research that will help the society in some or the other way. Respect for privacy: The privacy is the matter that should be considered in conducting a research. The decision regarding the sharing of the private information of the people cannot be taken by a researcher as the information belongs to the people. Therefore, the consent of the people is needed in sharing the information because the privacy is considered by different people in different way. If the people do not want to reveal their personal information then, the researchers should respect their privacy in order to conduct a research ethically[5]. Respect for confidentiality and anonymity: The responsibility of a researcher is to maintain the confidentiality of the responses of the people and their identity in a research as it is basically connected to beneficence, loyalty as well as dignity. The researchers are responsible for maintaining the confidentiality as well as the anonymity as it is the duty of the researchers to protect the society[6]. Conducting Ethical Research In order to conduct a research ethically, the objective of a research should be determined before conducting a research. Ethics are the matter of duty of the researchers as well as performing ethical conduct primarily is a continuous and ongoing process. The research is conducted so that it can provide benefit to the society as well as reduce the social harm in long run. In conducting a research, the principles of ethical research should be followed by the researchers that include the informed consent, participants respect as well as the confidentiality of the identity of the participants or the respondents[7]. The methods used for the collection of the data need to be appropriate in order to conduct a research ethically so that the objective of conducting a research can be achieved. The information that are collected from the different sources need to be cited properly[8]. The research need to be conducted considering the safety as well privacy of the participants as it should not h arm the participants or should not affect the animals, if there is any kind of involvement of the animals in the research[9]. The analysis and the evaluation of the collected data needs to be done properly in order to obtain the conclusion of a research in the context to the defined objective behind conducting the research so that it will be able to serve the society. The need for conducting research ethically is there to reduce the chances of criticism and rejection[10]. Conclusion It can be concluded that in order to conduct an ethical research, the researchers should consider the principles of ethical research so that a research will be able to provide the benefits to the whole society and the researchers as well. The research should involve and inform the participants as well as the contributors in the research process. The ethics are the subject of responsibility of the researchers and it should be followed while conducting a research in order to secure and respect the opinion and contribution of the participants. References [1] J. Stuart and J. Barnes, "Conducting Ethical Research," August 2005. [Online]. Available: https://www.ness.bbk.ac.uk/support/GuidanceReports/documents/165.pdf. [Accessed 2017].[2] N. Walton, "What Is Research Ethics?," 2017. [Online]. Available: https://researchethics.ca/what-is-research-ethics/. [Accessed 2017].[3] National Institutes of Health, "Guiding Principles for Ethical Research," 2017. [Online]. Available: https://www.nih.gov/health-information/nih-clinical-research-trials-you/guiding-principles-ethical-research. [Accessed 2017].[4] Ethicsguidebook, "Key ethics principles," 2017. [Online]. Available: https://www.ethicsguidebook.ac.uk/key-ethics-principles-15. [Accessed 2017].[5] Laerd, "Principles of research ethics," 2012. [Online]. Available: https://dissertation.laerd.com/principles-of-research-ethics.php. [Accessed 2017].[6] G. Fouka and M. Mantzorou, "What are the major ethical issues in conducting research? is there a conflict between the research ethics and the na ture of nursing?," 2017. [Online]. Available: https://www.hsj.gr/medicine/what-are-the-major-ethical-issues-in-conducting-research-is-there-a-conflict-between-the-research-ethics-and-the-nature-of-nursing.php?aid=3485. [Accessed 2017].[7] Socialresearchmethods, "Ethics in Research," 2017. [Online]. Available: https://www.socialresearchmethods.net/kb/ethics.php. [Accessed 2017].[8] Sheffield, "Ethical Considerations In Research With Children And Young People," 2017. [Online]. Available: https://www.sheffield.ac.uk/polopoly_fs/1.165641!/file/SREGP-Children-Young-People.pdf. [Accessed 2017].[9] Pitt, "Guidelines For Responsible Conduct Of Research," March 2011. [Online]. Available: https://www.provost.pitt.edu/documents/GUIDELINES%20FOR%20ETHICAL%20PRACTICES%20IN%20RESEARCH-FINALrevised2-March%202011.pdf. [Accessed 2017].[10] J. Koulouriotis, "Ethical Considerations in Conducting Research with Non-native Speakers of English," TESL Canada Journal, vol. 1, no. 5, pp. 1-15, 2011.

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Economies Scale Aviation Space Technology â€Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss About The Economies Of Scale Aviation Space Technology? Answer: Introducation Economies of Scale: When a company or a business achieves more efficiency and output with decreased input, its marginal costs in terms of production decreases, thus business is said to have achieved the economies of scale (Tegtmeier 2013). For Example, discount on bulk purchases, information sharing related economies, department or labor specialization etc. Market Types and Importance of Economies of Scale: Perfect Market: In such a market there are almost infinite number of buyers and sellers and so no one seller can influence market in their way. Economies of Scale have usually no importance in such markets as each supplier assumes constant returns on economies, and so the unit costs remain the same. One basic reason of this is the price is set my marketing and no single supplier can set price on his own (David Myers 2015). Monopoly: Such a market has one big supplier of particular goods or services. He may be doing differentiation and controls the whole market. In a monopolistic market, the economies of scale is important, as it keeps increasing and total average cost keeps falling. This is due to considerable amounts of fixed costs, big discounts on purchases and large scale production. Oligopoly: In an oligopoly instead of one supplier, a number of limited producers of goods or services collude with one another and derive the market. They may be two or more in number (Polkinghorn 2016). Oligopoly Firms are also able to take advantage of economies of scale by decreasing their average costs. Monopolistic Competition: Such a market combines the features of a monopoly and perfect competition. Every provider of goods or services in large enough to influence its market but is differentiated from the other one. Economies of scale are achieved by every player due to large production capacities, so mostly the competition is based on quality, customer retention and differentiation (Dunne, Klimek, Roberts and Xu 2013). With the commencement of 21st century the Australian industry had two key player Qantas and Ansett along with two new entrants Virgin Blue, and Impulse airlines. With the acquisition of Impulse airline by Qantas and collapse of Ansett Group, only two airlines were left to compete in Australian Industry. So it showed a Monopoly of one big Airline Qantas in 2002-03. Although Virgin Blue was expanding, but still large market share (almost 80%) was possessed by Qantas airlines in domestic industry and Virgin Blue had to do more to transform the market into Perfect Competition or an Oligopoly. In International market of Australia the only Flag Carrier remained was the Qantas Airlines in 2003, but the international Market share was very low and it had to face Perfect Competition. This was because Qantas airlines were facing many unmanageable circumstances at that time. In their annual accounts of 2003 Qantas themselves stated reduced planned international flights by 20%. Additionally they had to bear low levels of working capitals and redundancies: These initiatives resulted in a one off charge of $91 million for the write-down of Boeing 767-200 fleet, which will be retired by the end of 2003-04 financial Year. Qantas Audited Accounts 2003 But unlike in 2003 now Qantas has a big international market share around 28% but is losing its domestic share. If we take a look at macroeconomic data, Frances economy is currently undergoing Expansion and soon may hit Cyclic Peak followed by a Recession in some years. Because the GDP has almost reached its maximum level it can be predicted as a bust in the economy. Although France has a steady trend in terms of GDP and unemployment the GDP of the country may start declining at this stage, the employment rate of the country is decreasing but with a slower rate as a result the economy can contract. The small decrease in unemployment rate may not be stable as Macron has implemented the same policies as former leaders. This all can result in a tight labor market and future uncertainty about the inflation. Decreased Tax cuts and more government spending is needed to meet the aggregate demand in the economy and making the buyer purchasing power stronger. Most of the unemployed, lack qualifications that fit the labor markets needs. Frances unemployment rate, at around 10%, suggests that this skill gap runs deep. Article by Bloomberg: The French is bad in a crisis French Economy in 2017 using AD/AS model. The AS describes the total amount of commodities in French economy available at all feasible levels of prices whereas AD denotes the amount of commodities in French economy that will be purchased at all feasible level of prices. In the economy, as the prices of most commodities alter, the level of price alters and individual and businesses alter how much they purchase (Baldwin and Scott 2013). The AS curve on graph displays the relationship between prices and output supplied while AD demand curvature denotes relationship between price and the real GDP demanded. Since French economy is expanding in 2007, it will mean that both AS and AD will be positively shifting as shown in AD-AS Model below: Bringing together AD and AS curves shows AD/AS equilibrium in economy. The intersection of AS1 and AD1 curves indicate an equilibrium prices level P1 and equilibrium real GDP Q1 before the shifts. When both curves are shifted outwards since French economy is expanding in 2007, the intersection between AS2 and AD2 indicate an equilibrium price level P2 and equilibrium real GDP Q2 after the shifts. French has potential as the labor in France is productive. To Stabilize or boost the growth, France government can: Increase the working hours of employees and raise their participation to make their skills better as well as segmentation of job division according to the specifications and requirements. Emanuel Macron must translate and provide details about his policies, especially on deregulations and social protections. Reduce the taxes so as to lower cost of production Macron, Investment in educating workers and infrastructure. What Macron needs to do is to make the fluctuations of economy more close to trend lines so that recession are not severe and expansion can reach at full peak (Lange, Ross and Vannicelli 2016). The investment in education and training of the workers of the country is a major variables in the determination of how well the economy will perform. Increasing education levels culminates to well-trained workers which tend to make workers more productive and are able to earn more money than workers with poorer training (Buckley and Casson 2016). New investment in education will yield workers capable of functioning in novel industries (Fgerlind and Saha 2016). French economy shall become more productive since the proportion of the educated workers increase because the educated workers can more efficiently undertake their task that call for literacy and critical thinking (?tef?nescu-Mih?il? 2015). The French economy will thus see fast er economic growth. This is because education is investment in human capital, identical to investment in better equipment. It will lead to a knowledge-based economy and the firms will be able to increasingly produce theoretically (Ehrenberg and Smith 2016). This is because the knowledge and skills of employees in labor supply remains a critical factor in the determination of both business as well as economic growth (Blaug 2014). French economy will subsequently have substantial supply of skilled labor arising from school education and training and hence able to capitalize on such an opportunity via the development of more-value industries like high-tech manufacturing (Carlton and Perloff 2015). The Cobweb Model can be used to show that since training and education takes duration to complete, shifts in the demand for a given kind of workers have distinct effects in the long- and short run (Baum 2015). The model analyzes the supply over the long-run, but demand shifts and wage shifts are perceived in short-run as they move towards the long-run equilibrium (Foster and Rosenzweig 2017). The short run shifts in demand and wage rate is shown below: In the short run, the rise in demand for better-trained employer leads to increase in wages beyond equilibrium level (A). Rather than increase being along long-run labor supply curvature, it takes place along more inelastic short-run labor supply curvature (L). The short-run curvature remains more inelastic since there is a restrained number of employees that have or can immediately train for novel skills (Gertler et al. 2014). As more workers get trained (B), the labor supply will shift rightwards with the new workers affecting wage rate as shown: With the risinng new workers availability, there is dowward pressure on wage rate, that declines from W2 to W3 hence new wage equilibium is established: Due to the declining wage rate, fewer workers become interseted in training for skills that employers demand. This subsequently push wage rate upwards to W3, though the wage increase comes in smaller and smaller increments (Barro 2013). The wage cycle increases and labor rises continues till it has hit equiibrium; the initial upward shift in demand intersects the long-run labor supply. References Baldwin, W. and Scott, J., 2013. Market structure and technological management change (Vol. 18). Taylor Francis. Barro, R.J., 2013. Education and economic growth. Annals of Economics and Finance, 14(2), pp.301-328. Baum, W.C., 2015. French Economy and the State. Princeton University Press. Blaug, M., 2014. Economics of education: A selected annotated bibliography. Elsevier. Bloomberg Article: The French Economy is bad in a crisis, Written by: Phillippe Waechter, Publish Date: May 16, 2017 Buckley, P.J. and Casson, M., 2016. The future of the multinational enterprise. Springer. Carlton, D.W. and Perloff, J.M., 2015. Modern industrial organization. Pearson Higher Ed. Ciliberto, F., Murry, C. and Tamer, E.T., 2016. Market structure and competition in airline markets. David Myers CEcD, M.A., 2015. economies of scale. Economic Development Journal, 14(3), p.11. Dunne, T., Klimek, S.D., Roberts, M.J. and Xu, D.Y., 2013. Entry, exit, and the determinants of marketing structure. The RAND Journal of Economics, 44(3), pp.462-487. Ehrenberg, R.G. and Smith, R.S., 2016. Modern labor economics: Theory and public policy. Routledge. Fgerlind, I. and Saha, L.J., 2016. Education and national development: A comparative perspective. Elsevier. Foster, A.D. and Rosenzweig, M., 2017. This paper seeks to explain the U-shaped relationship between farm productivity and farm scale-the initial fall in productivity as farm size increases from its lowest levels and the continuous upward trajectory as scale increases after a threshold-observed across the world and in low-income countries. We show that the existence of fixed transaction costs can explain why the smallest farms are most efficient in their use of labor, slightly larger farms least efficient and larger farms as efficient as the ... (No. 1059). Gertler, P., Heckman, J., Pinto, R., Zanolini, A., Vermeersch, C., Walker, S., Chang, S.M. and Grantham-McGregor, S., 2014. Labor market returns to an early childhood stimulation intervention in Jamaica. Science, 344(6187), pp.998-1001. Lange, P., Ross, G. and Vannicelli, M., 2016. Unions, change and crisis: French and Italian union strategy and the political economy, 1945-1980. Routledge. Polkinghorn, A., 2016. Economies of scale. Br J Gen Pract, 66(648), pp.351-351. Qantas Annual Report 2003, https://investor.qantas.com/FormBuilder/_Resource/_module/doLLG5ufYkCyEPjF1tpgyw/file/annual-reports/2003AnnualReport.pdf, Page:4 ?tef?nescu-Mih?il?, R.O., 2015. Social Investment, Economic Growth and Labor Market Performance: Case StudyRomania. Sustainability, 7(3), pp.2961-2979. Tegtmeier, L.A., 2013. Economies of Scale. Aviation Week and Space Technology, 175(4).

Thursday, November 28, 2019

Stories and Memoirs of Our Lives Essay Example For Students

Stories and Memoirs of Our Lives Essay My grandpa is currently writing his memoir and he tells me that many seniors in our community are also writing theirs. My grandpa tells me about the difficulties and confusions he encounters when writing his memoir, and asks me for some advices. I am currently in UCI’s writing class and learn argumentative writings, and I also learned personal narrative writing before. With my several years of writing experience and one year’s writing training in college, I conclude some writing principle in personal narrative writing. However, through my discussions and conversations with my grandpa and observations of some other seniors in our community who are also writing memoirs, I find some common mistakes they make that dont follow these principles. Im very pleased to give some suggestions to the seniors in our community on improving their memoir writing. But besides telling some specific rules about writing, I also want to discuss that why do we share our stories of our lives. We have to know that what memoir writing can bring us, rather than blindly start writing. We will write a custom essay on Stories and Memoirs of Our Lives specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Memoirs can benefit us because by writing the history of ourselves in the memoirs, both writers and readers can learn lessons from the mistakes the writers made, and in a larger scale, the mistakes of the whole society. We can learn lessons from history, and avoid making the same mistakes. An important principle of writing memoir is to be honest. Being honest means that you need to tell the truth about your own real story and feelings. Making up a fake story, or denying something that really happened are not acceptable in memoir writing. Honesty help you present readers a real scenario of things happened in the old days. For example, my grandpa has been through so many historical events in Chinese history, and an important one is the devastating Cultural Revolution. During the period of the Cultural Revolution, almost all the people in China went crazy and totally believed in the principles that Chairman Mao Zedong said, which were mostly wrong. People began to ruin valuable historical relics, participated in public humiliation and seized some people’s property. And my grandpa also was part of these people. This catastrophe causes heaviest losses in Chinese history. Some people try to justify their behaviors, or deny the fact that their behaviors cause lots of pain to other people in their memoir. They are not honest about their faults and lie about what happened in the past. This is not the right way to write a memoir because these people won’t be trusted by the readers. In â€Å"Rules for the Much Maligned Form† written by Katie Roiphe, she says, â€Å"If the reader senses the writer is lying even to himself, or using the essay as a piece of propaganda, a forwarding of his own personal mythology in too clumsy or transparent a way, she will react against it. By saying this, Roiphe points out the bad influence of not being honest in writing your own stories. If you are not honest about what happened to you, you are not trustworthy and your stories’ authenticity will also be questioned. In contrast, being honest in memoir writing leads to a different result. Readers can trust you if you are honest, and readers can actually learn the lessons if they see that you honestly point out your mistakes and their effects. My grandpa honestly admits his own faults in the Cultural Revolution, and reflects the huge bad influence of mistakes made by society in the Cultural Revolution. He successfully warns both himself and the younger generations not to make these mistakes again. Being honest can help writers earn the trustworthiness from the readers, and more importantly, being honest can help both ourselves and readers to face the truth, and learn the lessons from the past. However, although being honest is important, it’s also very difficult for writers. Firstly, people’s memories are not what really happened. .u3557166c1a05c9d8a05dcccf4aadacf4 , .u3557166c1a05c9d8a05dcccf4aadacf4 .postImageUrl , .u3557166c1a05c9d8a05dcccf4aadacf4 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u3557166c1a05c9d8a05dcccf4aadacf4 , .u3557166c1a05c9d8a05dcccf4aadacf4:hover , .u3557166c1a05c9d8a05dcccf4aadacf4:visited , .u3557166c1a05c9d8a05dcccf4aadacf4:active { border:0!important; } .u3557166c1a05c9d8a05dcccf4aadacf4 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u3557166c1a05c9d8a05dcccf4aadacf4 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u3557166c1a05c9d8a05dcccf4aadacf4:active , .u3557166c1a05c9d8a05dcccf4aadacf4:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u3557166c1a05c9d8a05dcccf4aadacf4 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u3557166c1a05c9d8a05dcccf4aadacf4 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u3557166c1a05c9d8a05dcccf4aadacf4 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u3557166c1a05c9d8a05dcccf4aadacf4 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u3557166c1a05c9d8a05dcccf4aadacf4:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u3557166c1a05c9d8a05dcccf4aadacf4 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u3557166c1a05c9d8a05dcccf4aadacf4 .u3557166c1a05c9d8a05dcccf4aadacf4-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u3557166c1a05c9d8a05dcccf4aadacf4:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Happee Uai EssayPeople In â€Å"But Enough About Me,† written by Daniel Mendelsohn, he says, â€Å"We always manage to turn our memories into good stories-even if those stories arent quite true. People unconsciously change their memories to the stories that they want to remember, and forget the pains and the bad parts about the stories. They dont even realize that they are telling lies. And it’s really hard for people to clearly remember things that happened a long time ago. But I believe that when people are writing memoirs, their friends are still alive and they can discuss with their friends and relatives. And people also have the diaries, which record th eir stories, and photos, which can’t be fake, to help themselves write true stories. Another principle is to turn a critical eye on yourself in memoir writing. All people have some mistakes that they made in their lives or something that they regret because no one is perfect. Criticizing yourself means that you need to bravely face some mistakes that you made in the past, and rather than blaming things to other people, you need to point out your faults. But people dont always wants to criticize themselves. Mendelsohn says, â€Å"People have been complaining about the shallowness, the opportunism, the lying, the betrayals, the narcissism. † People tend to write stories about being deceived and betrayed by other people, and stories about the unfair society. But you need to attack yourself and point out that your own mistakes. Dont take different standards when treating others and yourself, and dont try to protect yourself from faults. Criticizing yourself not only help you to rethink profoundly about your life and reflect over yourself, but also help readers think profoundly about the mistakes. A memoir with both happiness and sorrow, satisfaction and regret, and things that they were right and wrong can reflect the real history and can really move the readers. Through self-criticizing, writers can help both readers and themselves to learn the lessons.